1 backdrop_web_test_case.php protected BackdropWebTestCase::backdropPostAJAX($path, $edit, $triggering_element, $ajax_path = NULL, array $options = array(), array $headers = array(), $form_html_id = NULL, $ajax_settings = NULL)

Execute an Ajax submission.

This executes a POST as ajax.js does. It uses the returned JSON data, an array of commands, to update $this->content using equivalent DOM manipulation as is used by ajax.js. It also returns the array of commands.


$path: Location of the form containing the Ajax enabled element to test. Can be either a Backdrop path or an absolute path or NULL to use the current page.

$edit: Field data in an associative array. Changes the current input fields (where possible) to the values indicated.

$triggering_element: The name of the form element that is responsible for triggering the Ajax functionality to test. May be a string or, if the triggering element is a button, an associative array where the key is the name of the button and the value is the button label. i.e.) array('op' => t('Refresh')).

$ajax_path: (optional) Override the path set by the Ajax settings of the triggering element. In the absence of both the triggering element's Ajax path and $ajax_path 'system/ajax' will be used.

$options: (optional) Options to be forwarded to url().

$headers: (optional) An array containing additional HTTP request headers, each formatted as "name: value". Forwarded to backdropPost().

$form_html_id: (optional) HTML ID of the form to be submitted, use when there is more than one identical form on the same page and the value of the triggering element is not enough to identify the form. Note this is not the Backdrop ID of the form but rather the HTML ID of the form.

$ajax_settings: (optional) An array of Ajax settings which if specified will be used in place of the Ajax settings of the triggering element.

Return value

An array of Ajax commands.:

See also




core/modules/simpletest/backdrop_web_test_case.php, line 2406


Test case for typical Backdrop tests.


protected function backdropPostAJAX($path, $edit, $triggering_element, $ajax_path = NULL, array $options = array(), array $headers = array(), $form_html_id = NULL, $ajax_settings = NULL) {
  // Get the content of the initial page prior to calling backdropPost(), since
  // backdropPost() replaces $this->content.
  if (isset($path)) {
    $this->backdropGet($path, $options);
  $content = $this->content;
  $backdrop_settings = $this->backdropSettings;

  // Get the Ajax settings bound to the triggering element.
  if (!isset($ajax_settings)) {
    if (is_array($triggering_element)) {
      $xpath = '//*[@name="' . key($triggering_element) . '" and @value="' . current($triggering_element) . '"]';
    else {
      $xpath = '//*[@name="' . $triggering_element . '"]';
    if (isset($form_html_id)) {
      $xpath = '//form[@id="' . $form_html_id . '"]' . $xpath;
    $element = $this->xpath($xpath);
    $element_id = (string) $element[0]['id'];
    $ajax_settings = $backdrop_settings['ajax'][$element_id];

  // Add extra information to the POST data as ajax.js does.
  $extra_post = '';
  if (isset($ajax_settings['submit'])) {
    foreach ($ajax_settings['submit'] as $key => $value) {
      $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode($key) . '=' . urlencode($value);
  foreach ($this->xpath('//*[@id]') as $element) {
    $id = (string) $element['id'];
    $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode('ajax_html_ids[]') . '=' . urlencode($id);
  if (isset($backdrop_settings['ajaxPageState'])) {
    $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode('ajax_page_state[theme]') . '=' . urlencode($backdrop_settings['ajaxPageState']['theme']);
    $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode('ajax_page_state[theme_token]') . '=' . urlencode($backdrop_settings['ajaxPageState']['theme_token']);
    foreach ($backdrop_settings['ajaxPageState']['css'] as $key => $value) {
      $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode("ajax_page_state[css][$key]") . '=1';
    foreach ($backdrop_settings['ajaxPageState']['js'] as $key => $value) {
      $extra_post .= '&' . urlencode("ajax_page_state[js][$key]") . '=1';

  // Unless a particular path is specified, use the one specified by the
  // Ajax settings, or else 'system/ajax'.
  if (!isset($ajax_path)) {
    $ajax_path = isset($ajax_settings['url']) ? $ajax_settings['url'] : 'system/ajax';

  // Submit the POST request.
  $headers[] = 'X-Requested-With: XMLHttpRequest';
  $headers[] = 'Accept: application/vnd.backdrop-ajax, */*; q=0.01';
  $return = backdrop_json_decode($this->backdropPost(NULL, $edit, array('path' => $ajax_path, 'triggering_element' => $triggering_element), $options, $headers, $form_html_id, $extra_post));
  $this->assertIdentical($this->backdropGetHeader('X-Backdrop-Ajax-Token'), '1', 'Ajax response header found.');

  // Change the page content by applying the returned commands.
  if (!empty($ajax_settings) && !empty($return)) {
    // ajax.js applies some defaults to the settings object, so do the same
    // for what's used by this function.
    $ajax_settings += array(
      'method' => 'replaceWith',
    // DOM can load HTML soup. But, HTML soup can throw warnings, suppress
    // them.
    $dom = new DOMDocument();
    // XPath allows for finding wrapper nodes better than DOM does.
    $xpath = new DOMXPath($dom);
    foreach ($return as $command) {
      switch ($command['command']) {
        case 'settings':
          $backdrop_settings = backdrop_array_merge_deep($backdrop_settings, $command['settings']);

        case 'insert':
          $wrapperNode = NULL;
          // When a command doesn't specify a selector, use the
          // #ajax['wrapper'] which is always an HTML ID.
          if (!isset($command['selector'])) {
            $wrapperNode = $xpath->query('//*[@id="' . $ajax_settings['wrapper'] . '"]')->item(0);
          // @todo Ajax commands can target any jQuery selector, but these are
          //   hard to fully emulate with XPath. For now, just handle 'head'
          //   and 'body', since these are used by ajax_render().
          elseif (in_array($command['selector'], array('head', 'body'))) {
            $wrapperNode = $xpath->query('//' . $command['selector'])->item(0);
          if ($wrapperNode) {
            // ajax.js adds an enclosing DIV to work around a Safari bug.
            $newDom = new DOMDocument();
            // DOM can load HTML soup. But, HTML soup can throw warnings,
            // suppress them.
            $newDom->loadHTML('<div>' . $command['data'] . '</div>');
            // Suppress warnings thrown when duplicate HTML IDs are
            // encountered. This probably means we are replacing an element
            // with the same ID.
            $newNode = @$dom->importNode($newDom->documentElement->firstChild->firstChild, TRUE);
            $method = isset($command['method']) ? $command['method'] : $ajax_settings['method'];
            // The "method" is a jQuery DOM manipulation function. Emulate
            // each one using PHP's DOMNode API.
            switch ($method) {
              case 'replaceWith':
                $wrapperNode->parentNode->replaceChild($newNode, $wrapperNode);
              case 'append':
              case 'prepend':
                // If no firstChild, insertBefore() falls back to
                // appendChild().
                $wrapperNode->insertBefore($newNode, $wrapperNode->firstChild);
              case 'before':
                $wrapperNode->parentNode->insertBefore($newNode, $wrapperNode);
              case 'after':
                // If no nextSibling, insertBefore() falls back to
                // appendChild().
                $wrapperNode->parentNode->insertBefore($newNode, $wrapperNode->nextSibling);
              case 'html':
                foreach ($wrapperNode->childNodes as $childNode) {

        case 'updateBuildId':
          $buildId = $xpath->query('//input[@name="form_build_id" and @value="' . $command['old'] . '"]')->item(0);
          if ($buildId) {
            $buildId->setAttribute('value', $command['new']);

          // @todo Add suitable implementations for these commands in order to
          //   have full test coverage of what ajax.js can do.
        case 'remove':
        case 'changed':
        case 'css':
        case 'data':
        case 'restripe':
        case 'addCss':
    $content = $dom->saveHTML();

  $verbose = 'AJAX POST request to: ' . $path;
  $verbose .= '<br />AJAX callback path: ' . $ajax_path;
  $verbose .= '<hr />Ending URL: ' . $this->getUrl();
  $verbose .= '<hr />' . $this->content;

  return $return;