1 views_plugin_query_default.inc views_plugin_query_default::ensure_table($table, $relationship = NULL, $join = NULL)

Ensure a table exists in the queue; if it already exists it won't do anything, but if it doesn't it will add the table queue. It will ensure a path leads back to the relationship table.


$table: The unaliased name of the table to ensure.

$relationship: The relationship to ensure the table links to. Each relationship will get a unique instance of the table being added. If not specified, will be the primary table.

views_join $join: A views_join object (or derived object) to join the alias in.

Return value

The alias used to refer to this specific table, or NULL if the table: cannot be ensured.


core/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query_default.inc, line 541
Defines the default query object.


Object used to create a SELECT query.


function ensure_table($table, $relationship = NULL, $join = NULL) {
  // ensure a relationship
  if (empty($relationship)) {
    $relationship = $this->base_table;

  // If the relationship is the primary table, this actually be a relationship
  // link back from an alias. We store all aliases along with the primary table
  // to detect this state, because eventually it'll hit a table we already
  // have and that's when we want to stop.
  if ($relationship == $this->base_table && !empty($this->tables[$relationship][$table])) {
    return $this->tables[$relationship][$table]['alias'];

  if (!array_key_exists($relationship, $this->relationships)) {
    return FALSE;

  if ($table == $this->relationships[$relationship]['base']) {
    return $relationship;

  // If we do not have join info, fetch it.
  if (!isset($join)) {
    $join = $this->get_join_data($table, $this->relationships[$relationship]['base']);

  // If it can't be fetched, this won't work.
  if (empty($join)) {

  // Adjust this join for the relationship, which will ensure that the 'base'
  // table it links to is correct. Tables adjoined to a relationship
  // join to a link point, not the base table.
  $join = $this->adjust_join($join, $relationship);

  if ($this->ensure_path($table, $relationship, $join)) {
    // Attempt to eliminate redundant joins.  If this table's
    // relationship and join exactly matches an existing table's
    // relationship and join, we do not have to join to it again;
    // just return the existing table's alias.  See
    // http://groups.drupal.org/node/11288 for details.
    // This can be done safely here but not lower down in
    // queue_table(), because queue_table() is also used by
    // add_table() which requires the ability to intentionally add
    // the same table with the same join multiple times.  For
    // example, a view that filters on 3 taxonomy terms using AND
    // needs to join taxonomy_term_data 3 times with the same join.

    // scan through the table queue to see if a matching join and
    // relationship exists.  If so, use it instead of this join.

    // TODO: Scanning through $this->table_queue results in an
    // O(N^2) algorithm, and this code runs every time the view is
    // instantiated (Views 2 does not currently cache queries).
    // There are a couple possible "improvements" but we should do
    // some performance testing before picking one.
    foreach ($this->table_queue as $queued_table) {
      // In PHP 4 and 5, the == operation returns TRUE for two objects
      // if they are instances of the same class and have the same
      // attributes and values.
      if ($queued_table['relationship'] == $relationship && $queued_table['join'] == $join) {
        return $queued_table['alias'];

    return $this->queue_table($table, $relationship, $join);