1 field.api.php hook_field_formatter_prepare_view($entity_type, $entities, $field, $instances, $langcode, &$items, $displays)

Allow formatters to load information for field values being displayed.

This should be used when a formatter needs to load additional information from the database in order to render a field, for example a reference field which displays properties of the referenced entities such as name or type.

This hook is called after the field type's own hook_field_prepare_view().

Unlike most other field hooks, this hook operates on multiple entities. The $entities, $instances and $items parameters are arrays keyed by entity ID. For performance reasons, information for all available entities should be loaded in a single query where possible.


$entity_type: The type of $entity.

$entities: Array of entities being displayed, keyed by entity ID.

$field: The field structure for the operation.

$instances: Array of instance structures for $field for each entity, keyed by entity ID.

$langcode: The language the field values are to be shown in. If no language is provided the current language is used.

$items: Array of field values for the entities, keyed by entity ID.

$displays: Array of display settings to use for each entity, keyed by entity ID.

Return value

Changes or additions to field values are done by altering the $items: parameter by reference.

Related topics


core/modules/field/field.api.php, line 1160
Hooks provided by the Field module.


function hook_field_formatter_prepare_view($entity_type, $entities, $field, $instances, $langcode, &$items, $displays) {
  $tids = array();

  // Collect every possible term attached to any of the fieldable entities.
  foreach ($entities as $id => $entity) {
    foreach ($items[$id] as $delta => $item) {
      // Force the array key to prevent duplicates.
      $tids[$item['tid']] = $item['tid'];

  if ($tids) {
    $terms = taxonomy_term_load_multiple($tids);

    // Iterate through the fieldable entities again to attach the loaded term
    // data.
    foreach ($entities as $id => $entity) {
      $rekey = FALSE;

      foreach ($items[$id] as $delta => $item) {
        // Check whether the taxonomy term field instance value could be loaded.
        if (isset($terms[$item['tid']])) {
          // Replace the instance value with the term data.
          $items[$id][$delta]['taxonomy_term'] = $terms[$item['tid']];
        // Otherwise, unset the instance value, since the term does not exist.
        else {
          $rekey = TRUE;

      if ($rekey) {
        // Rekey the items array.
        $items[$id] = array_values($items[$id]);