1 ajax_example_graceful_degradation.inc ajax_example_add_more($form, &$form_state, $no_js_use = FALSE)

Form with 'add more' and 'remove' buttons.

This example shows a button to "add more" - add another textfield, and the corresponding "remove" button.

It works equivalently with JavaScript or not, and does the same basic steps either way.

The basic idea is that we build the form based on the setting of $form_state['num_names']. The custom submit functions for the "add-one" and "remove-one" buttons increment and decrement $form_state['num_names'] and then force a rebuild of the form.

The $no_js_use argument is simply for demonstration: When set, it prevents '#ajax' from being set, thus making the example behave as if JavaScript were disabled in the browser.

Related topics


modules/examples/ajax_example/ajax_example_graceful_degradation.inc, line 545
Demonstrations of AJAX with graceful degradation.


function ajax_example_add_more($form, &$form_state, $no_js_use = FALSE) {
  $form['description'] = array(
    '#markup' => '<div>' . t('This example shows an add-more and a remove-last button. The <a href="!ajax">AJAX version</a> does it without page reloads; the <a href="!multistep">non-js version</a> is the same code but simulates a non-JavaScript environment, showing it with page reloads.', 
    array('!ajax' => url('examples/ajax_example/add_more'), '!multistep' => url('examples/ajax_example/add_more_no_js')))
      . '</div>',

  // Because we have many fields with the same values, we have to set
  // #tree to be able to access them.
  $form['#tree'] = TRUE;
  $form['names_fieldset'] = array(
    '#type' => 'fieldset',
    '#title' => t('People coming to the picnic'),
    // Set up the wrapper so that AJAX will be able to replace the fieldset.
    '#prefix' => '<div id="names-fieldset-wrapper">',
    '#suffix' => '</div>',

  // Build the fieldset with the proper number of names. We'll use
  // $form_state['num_names'] to determine the number of textfields to build.
  if (empty($form_state['num_names'])) {
    $form_state['num_names'] = 1;
  for ($i = 0; $i < $form_state['num_names']; $i++) {
    $form['names_fieldset']['name'][$i] = array(
      '#type' => 'textfield',
      '#title' => t('Name'),
  $form['names_fieldset']['add_name'] = array(
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Add one more'),
    '#submit' => array('ajax_example_add_more_add_one'),
    // See the examples in ajax_example.module for more details on the #ajax
    // properties.
    '#ajax' => array(
      'callback' => 'ajax_example_add_more_callback',
      'wrapper' => 'names-fieldset-wrapper',
  if ($form_state['num_names'] > 1) {
    $form['names_fieldset']['remove_name'] = array(
      '#type' => 'submit',
      '#value' => t('Remove one'),
      '#submit' => array('ajax_example_add_more_remove_one'),
      '#ajax' => array(
        'callback' => 'ajax_example_add_more_callback',
        'wrapper' => 'names-fieldset-wrapper',
  $form['submit'] = array(
    '#type' => 'submit',
    '#value' => t('Submit'),

  // This simply allows us to demonstrate no-JavaScript use without actually
  // turning off JavaScript in the browser. Removing the #ajax element turns off
  // AJAX behaviors on that element and ajax.js doesn't get loaded.
  // For demonstration only! You don't need this.
  if ($no_js_use) {
    // Remove the #ajax from the above, so ajax.js won't be loaded.
    if (!empty($form['names_fieldset']['remove_name']['#ajax'])) {

  return $form;