1 node.api.php hook_node_access($node, $op, $account)

Controls access to a node.

Modules may implement this hook if they want to have a say in whether or not a given user has access to perform a given operation on a node.

The administrative account (user ID #1) always passes any access check, so this hook is not called in that case. Users with the "bypass node access" permission may always view and edit content through the administrative interface.

Note that not all modules will want to influence access on all node types. If your module does not want to actively grant or block access, return NODE_ACCESS_IGNORE or return nothing. Blindly returning FALSE will break other node access modules.

Also note that this function isn't called for node listings (e.g., RSS feeds, the default home page at path 'node', a recent content block, etc.) See Node access rights for a full explanation.


Node|string $node: Either a node entity or the machine name of the content type on which to perform the access check.

string $op: The operation to be performed. Possible values:

  • "create"
  • "view"
  • "update"
  • "delete"

object $account: The user object to perform the access check operation on.

Return value


See also


Related topics


core/modules/node/node.api.php, line 560
Hooks provided by the Node module.


function hook_node_access($node, $op, $account) {
  $type = is_string($node) ? $node : $node->type;

  if (in_array($type, node_permissions_get_configured_types())) {
    if ($op == 'create' && user_access('create ' . $type . ' content', $account)) {
      return NODE_ACCESS_ALLOW;

    if ($op == 'update') {
      if (user_access('edit any ' . $type . ' content', $account) || (user_access('edit own ' . $type . ' content', $account) && ($account->uid == $node->uid))) {
        return NODE_ACCESS_ALLOW;

    if ($op == 'delete') {
      if (user_access('delete any ' . $type . ' content', $account) || (user_access('delete own ' . $type . ' content', $account) && ($account->uid == $node->uid))) {
        return NODE_ACCESS_ALLOW;

  // Returning nothing from this function would have the same effect.