1 database.inc public DatabaseConnection::query($query, array $args = array(), $options = array())

Executes a query string against the database.

This method provides a central handler for the actual execution of every query. All queries executed by Backdrop are executed as PDO prepared statements.


$query: The query to execute. In most cases this will be a string containing an SQL query with placeholders. An already-prepared instance of DatabaseStatementInterface may also be passed in order to allow calling code to manually bind variables to a query. If a DatabaseStatementInterface is passed, the $args array will be ignored. It is extremely rare that module code will need to pass a statement object to this method. It is used primarily for database drivers for databases that require special LOB field handling.

$args: An array of arguments for the prepared statement. If the prepared statement uses ? placeholders, this array must be an indexed array. If it contains named placeholders, it must be an associative array.

$options: An associative array of options to control how the query is run. See the documentation for DatabaseConnection::defaultOptions() for details.

Return value

DatabaseStatementInterface|DatabaseStatementBase|DatabaseStatementPrefetch|stdClass[]: This method will return one of: the executed statement, the number of rows affected by the query (not the number matched), or the generated insert ID of the last query, depending on the value of $options['return']. Typically that value will be set by default or a query builder and should not be set by a user. If there is an error, this method will return NULL and may throw an exception if $options['throw_exception'] is TRUE.




core/includes/database/database.inc, line 702
Core systems for the database layer.


Base Database API class.


public function query($query, array $args = array(), $options = array()) {
  // Use default values if not already set.
  $options += $this->defaultOptions();

  try {
    // We allow either a pre-bound statement object or a literal string.
    // In either case, we want to end up with an executed statement object,
    // which we pass to PDOStatement::execute.
    if ($query instanceof DatabaseStatementInterface) {
      $stmt = $query;
      $stmt->execute(NULL, $options);
    else {
      $this->expandArguments($query, $args);
      $stmt = $this->prepareQuery($query);
      $stmt->execute($args, $options);

    // Depending on the type of query we may need to return a different value.
    // See DatabaseConnection::defaultOptions() for a description of each
    // value.
    switch ($options['return']) {
      case Database::RETURN_STATEMENT:
        return $stmt;
      case Database::RETURN_AFFECTED:
        return $stmt->rowCount();
      case Database::RETURN_INSERT_ID:
        return $this->pdo->lastInsertId();
      case Database::RETURN_NULL:
        return NULL;
        throw new PDOException('Invalid return directive: ' . $options['return']);
  catch (PDOException $e) {
    if ($options['throw_exception']) {
      // Add additional debug information.
      if ($query instanceof DatabaseStatementInterface) {
        $e->errorInfo['query_string'] = $stmt->getQueryString();
      else {
        $e->errorInfo['query_string'] = $query;
      $e->errorInfo['args'] = $args;
      throw $e;
    return NULL;